What are wetlands?
Wetlands refer to a wide variety of inland habitats such as marshes, peatlands, floodplains, rivers and lakes, and coastal areas such as saltmarshes, mangroves, intertidal mudflats and seagrass beds, and also coral reefs and other marine areas no deeper than six (6) meters at low tide, as well as human-made wetlands such as dams, reservoirs, rice paddies and wastewater treatment ponds and lagoons.
The abovementioned was derived from Section 4. Definition of Terms of Republic Act No. 11038 also known as "Expanded National Integrated Protected Areas System Act of 2018."
Why do we protect wetlands?
Wetlands are a critical part of our environment. Though commonly seen as wastelands, wetlands are not areas that need to be drained, filled in, burnt off, and re-purposed since it provide us our essential needs such as freshwater and fish. It protects our shores from tsunami's and storm surges, reduce the impacts of floods, absorb pollutants and improve water quality. It also provides habitat for animals and plants and contain a wide diversity of life, supporting plants and animals that are found nowhere else.