To date, there are a total of 146 cities in the Philippines, 33 of which are categorized as Highly urbanized cities, 5 are Highly urbanized cities and 108 are Component cities. 

Highly within Metro Manila are considered highly urbanized. Highly urbanized cities are those with a minimum population of (200,000 inhabitants, as certified by the National Statistics Office, and with the latest annual income of at least P50,000,000.00 based on 1991 constant prices, as certified by the city treasurer per Section 452 of Republic Act 7160). Independent Component Cities are cities whose charters prohibit their voters from voting for provincial elective officials. Independent component cities shall be independent of the province. Cities include Dagupan City, Ormoc City, Santiago City, Naga City, and Cotabato City. Lasltly, Component Cities are cities which do not meet the above requirements shall be considered component cities of the province in which they are geographically located. If a component city is located within the boundaries of 2 or more provinces, such city shall be considered a component of the province of which it used to be a municipality. Examples of component cities are Laoag City, Tuguegarao City, Tarlac City, Batangas City, Legazpi City, and Roxas City.

The map shows that out of the total 146 cities, 108 have protected areas (PAs) and linking it with PAs, out of the total 244 PAs, 71  are located in cities.




The assessment of the existing biodiversity status within the urban areas, formulation and implementation of urban biodiversity management plan, and the development of Urban Biodiversity Index will be the bases for formulation of policies for possible integration in the Comprehensive Land Use Plans, Zoning Ordinance, and other plans in the management of the city’s biodiversity and updated actions for the succeeding plans.