The use of Cities’ Biodiversity Index (CBI), also known as the Singapore Index on Cities’ Biodiversity or the Singapore Index (SI), is being encouraged for evaluation of biodiversity conservation progress of LGUs. Per Convention on Biological Diversity, CBI is a self-assessment tool for cities which comprises the “Profile of the City”, which provides the city’s background information and the 23 indicators as shown below which measure the native biodiversity, ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, and governance and management of biodiversity.


CBI is a dynamic tool and needs a long-term application by cities to closely monitor progress in conserving biodiversity. Cities that have applied the Singapore Index have found that: a) the process facilitated capacity-building in biodiversity conservation, b) the indicators also function as biodiversity conservation guidelines, and c) the quantitative scoring could assist in setting priorities for conservation actions and budget allocation.