DECLARED CRITICAL HABITATS IN THE PHILIPPINES
As of the end of 2019, there are eight (8) critical habitats established in the Philippines.There were used to be nine (9) declared critical habitats, but the Las Piñas –Parañaque Critical Habitat and Ecotourism Area (LPPCHEA) located in Metro Manila was proclaimed as protected area by virtue of RA No. 11038 or the E-NIPAS Act on June 22, 2018. The eight (8) critical habitats in the country are:
Rafflesia schadenbergiana Critical Habitat, Bukidnon
A certain portion Sitio Kalanganan, San Vicente, Baungon, Bukidnon covering an area of two (2) hectares was declared as critical habitat by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2011-02 specifically to protect the habitat and population of the rare and threatened largest flower, the Rafflesia (Rafflesia schadenbergiana) and to ensure that the existing ecosystems in the area are preserved and are kept in a condition that will support the perpetual existence of the species. The area is being managed by DENR Region 10 in partnership with the local government of Baungon.
Cabusao Wetland Critical Habitat, Camarines Sur
The Cabusao wetland area is an important habitat of native and migratory waterbirds. The area was declared as Critical Habitat by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2011-10 to ensure protection of the habitat and population of the endemic and threatened Philippine duck (Anas luzonica) along with other threatened migratory birds such as Far eastern Curlew (Numenius madagascarienses), Great knot (Calidris tenuirostris), Black-faced spoonbill (Platalea minor), Chinese egret (Egretta eulophotes). The critical habitat is situated in Barangays Pandan and Biong in the Municipality of Cabusao, Camarines Sur covering an area of 26.93 hectares. It is being managed by DENR Region 5 in partnership with the local government unit of Cabusao.
Malasi Tree Park and Wildlife Sanctuary Critical Habitat, Isabela
The Malasi Tree Park and Wildlife Sanctuary Critical Habitat was established by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2012-01 to safeguard the ecological integrity of the coastal area of Barangay San Antonio, Cabagan, Isabela, covering an approximate area of 178 hectares which serves as habitat of the endemic and threatened Philippine duck (Anas luzonica) along with other congregating migratory waterbirds. It is being managed by DENR Region 2- CENRO-Cabagan in partnership with the local government unit of Cabagan.
Carmen Critical Habitat, Agusan del Norte
The coastal area of the Municipality of Carmen, Agusan del Norte was declared as a critical habitat by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2012-08 in order to protect the nesting habitat of the threatened marine turtles along with other species of fauna and flora. The critical habitat covers five barangays, namely: Vinapor, Gosoon, San Agustin, Cahayagan and Tagcatong with a total area of 5,756.20 hectares. It is being managed by DENR Caraga in partnership with the local government unit of Carmen.
Adams Wildlife Critical Habitat, Ilocos Norte
Adams Wildlife Critical Habitat is the last frontier of dipterocarp forest in Ilocos Region which serves as habitat of threatened species such as the Philippine falconet, Philippine hanging parakeet, Philippine brown deer, Philippine warty pig, Northern Luzon cloud rat, Jade vine, Giant tree ferns, dipterocarp trees and other endemic and threatened species of wild flora and fauna. The critical habitat was established by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2013-23. It is specifically situated in Mt. Magnas, San Miguel and Linao, Adams Ilocos Norte covering a total area of 3,253.26 hectares. It is being managed by DENR Region 1.
Magsaysay Critical Habitat for Hawksbill turtle, Magsaysay, Misamis Oriental
The coastal area of the Municipality of Magsaysay, Misamis Oriental was declared as a critical habitat by virtue of DENR Administrative Order No. 2016-02 to ensure the protection of the habitat and population of the Critically Endangered species Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata). The critical habitat covers Barangays Kadiis, San Isidro and Damahoyan with an area of 612.872 hectares. It is being managed by DENR Region 10 in partnership with the local government unit of Magsaysay.
Cleopatra’s Needle Critical Habitat, Puerto Prinsesa City
The Cleopatra’s Needle Forest Reserve was declared as a critical habitat by the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development through PCSD Resolution No. 17-612 dated December 15, 2017 covering an area of 41,350 hectares. The area inhabits various threatened endemic species of flora and fauna such as Palawan pangolin (Manis culionensis), Palawan fying fox (Acerodon leucotis), Red-vented cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia), Grey imperial pigeon (Ducula pickeringii), Chinese egret (Egretta eulophotes), Palawan forest turtle (Siebenrockiella leytensis) Curran pitogo (Cycas currannii), Palawan medinilla (Medinilla palawanensis), Amorphophallus palawanensis, and Nepenthes mira to name a few.
The management of the area is spearheaded by the Center for Sustainability PH, Inc. in collaboration with concerned organizations under the supervision of the concerned LGUs and the Palawan Council for Sustainable Development.
Dumaran Critical Habitat, Dumaran, Palawan
The Palawan Council for Sustainable Development (PCSD) declared certain areas in Brgys. Poblacion, Santo Tomas, Bohol, and San Juan in the Municipality of Dumaran, Palawan as a Critical Habitat for Philippine cockatoo (Cacatua haematuropygia) and Philippine pond turtle (Siebenrockiella leytensis) through PCSD Resolution No. 14-513 dated October 28, 2014. The Dumaran Critical Habitat, covering an area of 1,628 hectares is jointly being managed by the LGU of Dumaran, Palawan and Katala Foundation Inc. under supervision of the PCSD.